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27 March 2018 The effect of reinforcing bars to flaw detection in RC structure using group velocity profile generated by surface waves
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A new flaw detection method for concrete plate-like structure is realized using the dispersion profile of the group velocity of surface waves obtained by a sensor with proper distance from the transient impacting load. The waveform obtained by the sensor is analyzed using STFT and reassigned method to obtain a group velocity spectrogram. The delaminating crack or honeycomb which locates underneath the test line between the impactor and the receiver as well as the low-density layer on top of sound concrete are proved to be detectable in both numerical and experimental studies. The velocity turning point in the wavelength-velocity profile is about 1.6 to 2.2 times of the depths of the flaws or the low-density layer wavelength. As the proposed method is easy to operate, inexpensive and effective on solving many problems of concrete deterioration, one essential question to be concerned is the effect of dense reinforcing rebar to the stress wave propagation. In this preliminary study, the theoretical modal dispersion curves for a plain concrete plate and a concrete plate containing a thin steel layer are compared. A 2D numerical model with concrete and steel layers was constructed. The images of slowness spectrograms obtained by placing impactor and receiver at variant distances are compared with theoretical modal dispersion curve. Experiments are performed on a heavy lattice arranged bridge pier. The results show that the response of the rebar layers is near 0.3 ms/m in slowness spectrogram instead of around 0.5 ms/m plain concrete. The steel rebar layer affects the results more severely when the test line is parallel to the direction of shallower rebars. For more clearly observing the condition of concrete, one can filter the response in the waveform with the time less than 0.4 ms/m multiplying the impactor-receiver distance.
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Yung-Chiang Lin, Chia-Chi Cheng, Hong-Hua Wang, Keng-Tsang Hsu, and Chih-Hung Chiang "The effect of reinforcing bars to flaw detection in RC structure using group velocity profile generated by surface waves", Proc. SPIE 10599, Nondestructive Characterization and Monitoring of Advanced Materials, Aerospace, Civil Infrastructure, and Transportation XII, 105992K (27 March 2018);

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