8 March 2018 Multi-scale image segmentation method with visual saliency constraints and its application
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Proceedings Volume 10611, MIPPR 2017: Remote Sensing Image Processing, Geographic Information Systems, and Other Applications; 106110H (2018) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2285498
Event: Tenth International Symposium on Multispectral Image Processing and Pattern Recognition (MIPPR2017), 2017, Xiangyang, China
Object-based image analysis method has many advantages over pixel-based methods, so it is one of the current research hotspots. It is very important to get the image objects by multi-scale image segmentation in order to carry out object-based image analysis. The current popular image segmentation methods mainly share the bottom-up segmentation principle, which is simple to realize and the object boundaries obtained are accurate. However, the macro statistical characteristics of the image areas are difficult to be taken into account, and fragmented segmentation (or over-segmentation) results are difficult to avoid. In addition, when it comes to information extraction, target recognition and other applications, image targets are not equally important, i.e., some specific targets or target groups with particular features worth more attention than the others. To avoid the problem of over-segmentation and highlight the targets of interest, this paper proposes a multi-scale image segmentation method with visually saliency graph constraints. Visual saliency theory and the typical feature extraction method are adopted to obtain the visual saliency information, especially the macroscopic information to be analyzed. The visual saliency information is used as a distribution map of homogeneity weight, where each pixel is given a weight. This weight acts as one of the merging constraints in the multi- scale image segmentation. As a result, pixels that macroscopically belong to the same object but are locally different can be more likely assigned to one same object. In addition, due to the constraint of visual saliency model, the constraint ability over local-macroscopic characteristics can be well controlled during the segmentation process based on different objects. These controls will improve the completeness of visually saliency areas in the segmentation results while diluting the controlling effect for non- saliency background areas. Experiments show that this method works better for texture image segmentation than traditional multi-scale image segmentation methods, and can enable us to give priority control to the saliency objects of interest. This method has been used in image quality evaluation, scattered residential area extraction, sparse forest extraction and other applications to verify its validation. All applications showed good results.
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Yan Chen, Yan Chen, Jie Yu, Jie Yu, Kaimin Sun, Kaimin Sun, } "Multi-scale image segmentation method with visual saliency constraints and its application", Proc. SPIE 10611, MIPPR 2017: Remote Sensing Image Processing, Geographic Information Systems, and Other Applications, 106110H (8 March 2018); doi: 10.1117/12.2285498; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2285498

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