30 April 2018 Convolutional neural network based side attack explosive hazard detection in three dimensional voxel radar
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Abstract
The identification followed by avoidance or removal of explosive hazards in past and/or present conflict zones is a serious threat for both civilian and military personnel. This is a challenging task as variability exists with respect to the objects, their environment and emplacement context, to name a few factors. A goal is the development of automatic or human-in-the-loop sensor technologies that leverage signal processing, data fusion and machine learning. Herein, we explore the detection of side attack explosive hazards (SAEHs) in three dimensional voxel space radar via different shallow and deep convolutional neural network (CNN) architectures. Dimensionality reduction is performed by using multiple projected images versus the raw three dimensional voxel data, which leads to noteworthy savings in input size and associated network hyperparameters. Last, we explore the accuracy and interpretation of solutions learned via random versus intelligent network weight initialization. Experiments are provided on a U.S. Army data set collected over different times, weather conditions, target types and concealments. Preliminary results indicate that deep learning can perform as good as, if not better, than a skilled domain expert, even in light of limited training data with a class imbalance.
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Blake Brockner, Blake Brockner, Charlie Veal, Charlie Veal, Joshua Dowdy, Joshua Dowdy, Derek T. Anderson, Derek T. Anderson, Kathryn Williams, Kathryn Williams, Robert Luke, Robert Luke, David Sheen, David Sheen, } "Convolutional neural network based side attack explosive hazard detection in three dimensional voxel radar", Proc. SPIE 10628, Detection and Sensing of Mines, Explosive Objects, and Obscured Targets XXIII, 106281H (30 April 2018); doi: 10.1117/12.2304507; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2304507
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