21 May 2018 Spatio-temporal localization of powerful femtosecond pulses in Kerr media and light bullet regimes
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Possible scenarios of high-intense vortex (and Gaussian) pulsed beam propagation in Kerr media and light bullet (LB) formation conditions are considered. The system of modified nonlinear Schroedinger equation for the complex envelope of the electric field and kinetic equation for the electron plasma density is exploited. Two-scale variational analysis is combined with direct numerical simulations based on finite-difference methods. Hamiltonian approach allows to reveal LB formation conditions. It is shown that the LB parameters correspond to minimum of potential energy when the whole balance of competing processes occurs. Numerical experiment confirms the results obtained on the base of variational analysis, demonstrating at the same time softer conditions for LB formation. It is emphasized that the linear and nonlinear dynamics of spatial and temporal radii obey the coupled oscillator theory.
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O. Fedotova, O. Fedotova, O. Khasanov, O. Khasanov, T. Smirnova, T. Smirnova, G. Rusetsky, G. Rusetsky, E. Gaižauskas, E. Gaižauskas, V. Kadan, V. Kadan, } "Spatio-temporal localization of powerful femtosecond pulses in Kerr media and light bullet regimes", Proc. SPIE 10638, Ultrafast Bandgap Photonics III, 106381S (21 May 2018); doi: 10.1117/12.2306097; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2306097

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