For 18 years NASA Earth Science Technology Office(ESTO) has been investing in remote sensing related technologies. During this period ESTO has invested in more then 900 tasks. These tasks are managed under multiple programs, which cover the whole spectrum of technologies from component to full up satellite in space and software. Many of these technologies have been successfully infused into space missions like Aquarius, SMAP, CYGNSS, SWOT, TEMPO and others.
Researchers are demonstrating remote sensing instruments with various improved capabilities such as incorporating innovative spectrometers, or a single chip with spectral imaging capabilities. Recent technological developments in novel sensor materials, including those for hyperspectral imaging such as strained superlattice and barrier architectures, promise significant improvements in performance. Various read-out circuit architectures are improving functionality for higher-performance focal plane arrays, including incorporating intelligence into focal planes. Adding intelligence into sensors will lead to efficient utilization of limited onboard resources like power, and data rate.
ESTO is actively investing in sensor technologies, instrument concepts, information technology and data processing algorithms for both active and passive remote sensing space applications. Recent investments have been for Sustainable Land Imaging(SLI-T), Inspace validation of technology (InVEST) and Instrument Incubator Program (IIP). This presentation will focus on remote sensing techniques and related technology investments by NASA/ESTO.