In the THz/mm-wave, the greatest challenge to real-time active imaging was previously the lack of compact sensor arrays. INO has overcome this by optimizing its microbolometer focal plane array (originally developed for the infrared) for the longer wavelengths, covering both the THz and mm-wave bands. The remaining challenge for active imaging is how to obtain useful imagery using coherent sources. INO has been working on improving the quality of the illumination beam over the past few years, as well as designing high quality fast imaging optics. This paper will focus on the different techniques that have been tested across the THz and into the mm-wave bands in both transmission and reflection imaging modes. The impact on image quality will be demonstrated, and their implications to developing useful systems for different applications will be discussed.
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