The sensor features an Offner-type spectrograph machined from a single transmissive block. The monolithic construction provides an unprecedented combination of high performance, low cost and low size, weight, and power. It has an f/1.4 aperture, 5 nm resolution, and measures only 46mm x 60mm x 76mm. The spectrograph block is coupled to a sterling-cooled, back-thinned, HgCdTe FPA covering 0.4-2.5 micron spectral range. The flight package, including spectrograph, camera, telescope, and navigation system weighs less than 2.4kg and can fit on group 1 UASs.
In this paper, we present the design and optical performance of the sensor, and a detailed physical model of detection performance in standard, airborne hyperspectral sensing applications. At 100 Hz data rate, the sensor will achieve shotnoise limited performance with SNR > 250 from 0.4-1.7 microns and SNR<100 between 2-2.3 microns. Operating procedures for airborne monitoring of vegetative properties are also discussed. Initial test flights on a UAS are scheduled for next summer.