Abstract
This PDF file contains the front matter associated with SPIE Proceedings Volume 10646, including the Title Page, Copyright information, Table of Contents, and Conference Committee listing.

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Author(s), “Title of Paper,” in Signal Processing, Sensor/Information Fusion, and Target Recognition XXVII, edited by Ivan Kadar, Proceedings of SPIE Vol. 10646 (SPIE, Bellingham, WA, 2018) Seven-digit Article CID Number.

ISSN: 0277-786X

ISSN: 1996-756X (electronic)

ISBN: 9781510618039

ISBN: 9781510618046 (electronic)

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Paper Numbering:Proceedings of SPIE follow an e-First publication model. A unique citation identifier (CID) number is assigned to each article at the time of publication. Utilization of CIDs allows articles to be fully citable as soon as they are published online, and connects the same identifier to all online and print versions of the publication. SPIE uses a seven-digit CID article numbering system structured as follows:

  • The first five digits correspond to the SPIE volume number.

  • The last two digits indicate publication order within the volume using a Base 36 numbering system employing both numerals and letters. These two-number sets start with 00, 01, 02, 03, 04, 05, 06, 07, 08, 09, 0A, 0B … 0Z, followed by 10-1Z, 20-2Z, etc. The CID Number appears on each page of the manuscript.

Authors

Numbers in the index correspond to the last two digits of the seven-digit citation identifier (CID) article numbering system used in Proceedings of SPIE. The first five digits reflect the volume number. Base 36 numbering is employed for the last two digits and indicates the order of articles within the volume. Numbers start with 00, 01, 02, 03, 04, 05, 06, 07, 08, 09, 0A, 0B…0Z, followed by 10-1Z, 20-2Z, etc.

Altman, Emilie, 0K

Anderson, Evan, 1K

Angotta, Bill, 1A

Astyakopoulos, Alkis, 0U

Bacher, E., 0S

Bailey, Colleen P., 1R

Balaji, Bhashyam, 0K

Balasingam, Balakumar, 07

Bar-Shalom, Yaakov, 05, 07, 09, 0B, 1S

Bayer, Michael A., 12

Belfadel, Djedjiga, 05, 1S

Ben-Dov, R., 09

Borel-Donohue, Christoph, 14

Bothos, John, 0V

Carniglia, Peter, 0K

Chance, Zachary, 1K

Chandran, Krishnan, 13

Chen, Lingji, 02, 03, 04

Colonna-Romano, John, 0O

Copsey, Keith, 0P

Couwenhoven, Doug W., 12

Cox, Kevin, 0Z

da Silva, Felipe B., 11

DeMars, Kyle J., 06

Diltz, Robert, 1A

Dou, Wenbo, 0B

Dunham, Joel, 1M

Emge, Darren K., 1H

English, Woody, 1A

Eum, Sungmin, 16

Fowler, Stuart, 1A

Gatsak, Tatiana, 0K

Giovanneschi, F., 0S

Gómez Miguel, Beatriz, 0U

Grewe, Lynne, 13

Hammer, M., 0S

Hengy, S., 0S

Hommes, A., 0S

Hurley, Jeffery D., 1M

Johannes, W., 0S

Johnson, Clint, 1M

Jones, Brandon A., 0F

Kadar, Ivan, 0M

Kashyap, Archana, 13

Kay, Steven M., 0N, 1F

Kong, Yingying, 0W

Kontoes, Haris, 0U

Kowalski, Michael, 1S

Kwon, Heesung, 14, 16

Kyriazanos, Dimitris M., 0U, 0V

Langford, Darrell, 1A

Laurenzis, M., 0S

Lee, Hyungtae, 14, 16

LeGrand, Keith A., 06

Leirens, Sylvain, 15

Le Moigne, Jaqueline, 10

Leung, Henry, 0L, 0W

Levchuk, Georgiy, 0O

Li, Boyuan, 0L

Lu, Qin, 07, 0B

Lykousis, Vasilios, 0U

Mahler, Ronald, 0C, 0D, 0E

Maraviglia, Carlos, 0Z

Mareboyana, Manohar, 10

Markellou, Marina, 0U

Martins, Ana, 0U

McArdle, Sean M., 0F

Milgrom, B., 09

Miosso, Cristiano J., 11

Mohler, David, 0A

Mowakeaa, Rami, 1H

Mulgrew, Bernard, 0P

Narayanan, Priya, 14

Nehmetallah, George, 1P

Oxley, Mark E., 0G, 0H

Pados, Dimitris A., 1R

Page, Scott, 0P

Park, Sungjoo, 0Z

Pattipati, Krishna, 0B

Pereira da Silva, Alex, 15

Poyet, J.-M., 0S

Prasad, Lakshman, 0Q

Rao, Raghuveer, 14

Rassy, O., 0S

Ravago, Nicholas, 0F

Relyea, Stephen, 1K

Rinehart, Stephen A., 1P

Rizogiannis, Constantinos, 0U, 0V

Robinson, Brian, 1A

Rumbley, Sarah E., 02

Schertzer, S., 0S

Schubert Kabban, Christine M., 0G, 0H

Seneviratne, Chatura, 0L

Shah, Akhil K., 0F

Shahshahani, Allen, 13

Shahshahani, Jake, 13

Shapero, Samuel A., 1L

Simmons, Jimmy, 1M

Taylor, Clark N., 0A

Thanos, Konstantinos Georgios, 0V

Thomas, Paul, 0P

Thomopoulos, Stelios C. A., 0U, 0V

Trypitsidis, Anestis, 0U

Tsouni, Alexia, 0U

Tucker, Andrew W., 1F

Üney, Murat, 0P

Varkitzi, Ioanna, 0U

Vieira, Fábio AL., 0U

Vila Hernandez de Lorenzo, Jordi, 1P

Visina, Radu, 0B

von Borries, Ricardo, 11

Walters, Josh, 1A

Walvoord, Derek J., 12

Willett, Peter, 07, 09, 0B, 1S

Yang, Kaipei, 09

Yoedt, Cedric, 0Z

Zalonis, Andreas, 0V

Zhang, Shu, 0W

Zhou, Xin, 0N

Conference Committee

Symposium Chair

  • Arthur A. Morrish, Raytheon Space and Airborne Systems (United States)

Symposium Co-chair

  • Ruth L. Moser, Air Force Research Laboratory (United States)

Conference Chairs

  • Ivan Kadar, Interlink Systems Sciences, Inc. (United States)

Conference Co-chairs

  • Bhashyam Balaji, Defence Research and Development Canada (Canada)

  • Erik P. Blasch, Air Force Research Laboratory (United States)

  • Lynne L. Grewe, California State University, East Bay (United States)

  • Thia Kirubarajan, McMaster University (Canada)

  • Ronald P. S. Mahler, Random Sets, LLC (United States)

Conference Program Committee

  • Mark G. Alford, Air Force Research Laboratory (United States)

  • William D. Blair, Georgia Tech Research Institute (United States)

  • Mark J. Carlotto, General Dynamics Advanced Information Systems (United States)

  • Alex L. Chan, U.S. Army Research Laboratory (United States)

  • Kuo-Chu Chang, George Mason University (United States)

  • Chee-Yee Chong, Independent Consultant (United States)

  • Marvin N. Cohen, Georgia Tech Research Institute (United States)

  • Frederick E. Daum, Raytheon Company (United States)

  • Jean Dezert, Office National d’Etudes et de Recherches Aérospatiales (France)

  • Mohammad Farooq, AA Scientific Consultants Inc. (Canada)

  • Laurie H. Fenstermacher, Air Force Research Laboratory (United States)

  • Charles W. Glover, Oak Ridge National Laboratory (United States)

  • I. R. Goodman, Consultant (United States)

  • Michael L. Hinman, Independent Consultant (United States)

  • Jon S. Jones, Air Force Research Laboratory (United States)

  • Georgiy M. Levchuk, Aptima, Inc. (United States)

  • Martin E. Liggins II, Independent Consultant (United States)

  • James Llinas, University at Buffalo (United States)

  • Raj P. Malhotra, Air Force Research Laboratory (United States)

  • Alastair D. McAulay, Lehigh University (United States)

  • Raman K. Mehra, Scientific Systems Company, Inc. (United States)

  • Harley R. Myler, Lamar University (United States)

  • David Nicholson, BAE Systems (United Kingdom)

  • Les Novak, Scientific Systems Company, Inc. (United States)

  • John J. Salerno Jr., Harris Corporation (United States)

  • Robert W. Schutz, Consultant (United States)

  • Andrew G. Tescher, AGT Associates (United States)

  • Stelios C. A. Thomopoulos, National Center for Scientific Research Demokritos (Greece)

  • Wiley E. Thompson, New Mexico State University (United States)

  • Shanchieh Jay Yang, Rochester Institute of Technology (United States)

Session Chairs

  • 1 Multisensor Fusion, Multitarget Tracking, and Resource Management I

    Ivan Kadar, Interlink Systems Sciences, Inc. (United States)

  • 2 Multisensor Fusion, Multitarget Tracking, and Resource Management II

    Ivan Kadar, Interlink Systems Sciences, Inc. (United States)

  • 3 Information Fusion Methodologies and Applications I

    Ronald P. S. Mahler, Random Sets LLC (United States)

  • 4 Information Fusion Methodologies and Applications II

    Ivan Kadar, Interlink Systems Sciences, Inc. (United States)

    Chee-Yee Chong, Independent Consultant (United States)

  • 5 Information Fusion Methodologies and Applications III

    Chee-Yee Chong, Independent Consultant (United States)

    Ivan Kadar, Interlink Systems Sciences, Inc. (United States)

  • 6 Information Fusion Methodologies and Applications IV

    Chee-Yee Chong, Independent Consultant (United States)

    Ivan Kadar, Interlink Systems Sciences, Inc. (United States)

  • 7 Information Fusion Methodologies and Applications V

    Erik Blasch, Air Force Research Laboratory (United States)

    Ivan Kadar, Interlink Systems Sciences, Inc. (United States)

    Chee-Yee Chong, Independent Consultant (United States)

  • 8 Signal and Image Processing, and Information Fusion Applications I

    Lynne L. Grewe, California State University, East Bay (United States)

    Alex L. Chan, U.S. Army Research Laboratory (United States)

  • 9 Signal and Image Processing, and Information Fusion Applications II

    Lynne L. Grewe, California State University, East Bay (United States)

    Alex L. Chan, U.S. Army Research Laboratory (United States)

  • 10 Signal and Image Processing, and Information Fusion Applications III

    Alex L. Chan, U.S. Army Research Laboratory (United States)

    Lynne L. Grewe, California State University, East Bay (United States)

  • 11 Signal and Data Processing for Small Targets

    Philip D. West, Georgia Tech Research Institute (United States)

    Darren K. Emge, U.S. Army Edgewood Chemical Biological Center (United States)

Introduction to the Invited Panel Discussion

Deep Learning in AI and Information Fusion

In the early days of artificial intelligence (AI) starting, say in the 1970s and 1980s, the predominant reasoning methods were logical and symbolic, using, e.g., Lisp/Prolog languages. Later in the 1980s, AI tools were used such as Knowledge Environment Engineering (KEE) and Automated Reasoning Tool (ART) expert systems, and early heuristic reasoning methods. Also, the concept and mathematical representation of “context” logic was defined. The concept and apps of both “knowledge based” and “context” are currently used in several apps in information fusion (IF) along with several methods to apply and learn contextual information.

In the early 1980’s, AI was viewed as the solution to information fusion problems. In fact, many contributors to the first distributed sensor networks program were AI researchers. However, inadequate computing and AI approaches such as expert systems and heuristic uncertainty reasoning could not address the challenges of information fusion. Thus, important advances in information fusion, and in particular, multi-target tracking, were made with little contribution from AI.

During the long AI winter, researchers addressed the deficiencies of early AI, developing rigorous representation and reasoning techniques for uncertainty, and machine learning approaches. Recently, data science was established as a popular area to exploit the large volumes of data (a.k.a. Big Data) collected by physical sensors and online activities using machine learning and other analytic tools.

Artificial intelligence and data science pose both challenges and opportunities to IF. They are challenges because they appear to address the same problems as information fusion, but with more powerful techniques, thus siphoning away both research funding and research talent. However, these challenges can also be opportunities because AI and data science provide new research directions for information fusion. Examples include: IF with big data, hard and soft data fusion, learning about context, graph techniques for tracking and fusion, dynamic network analysis, apps to cyber and imagery processing.

The objective of this panel was to bring to the attention of the fusion community the importance of the application of deep learning in AI and IF, highlighting issues, illustrating approaches and addressing challenges. A number of invited experts discussed challenges in processing and research, and addressed these challenges with IF. The panelists illustrated parts of the above-mentioned areas over different applications and association with IF. The panel highlighted impending issues and challenges using conceptual and real-world related examples associated with the applications of above.

Chee-Yee Chong

Ivan Kadar

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© (2018) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
"Front Matter: Volume 10646", Proc. SPIE 10646, Signal Processing, Sensor/Information Fusion, and Target Recognition XXVII, 1064601 (12 June 2018); doi: 10.1117/12.2500434; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2500434
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