9 May 2018 Demonstration of provably secure quantum key distribution (QKD)
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Abstract
Optimized Quantum Key Distribution (QKD) protocols revolutionize the cyber security by leveraging the quantum phenomenon for development of unbreakable security. Configurable quantum networks are necessary for accessible quantum applications amongst multiple users. Quantum key distribution is particularly interesting because of the many ways in which the key exchange can be carried out. Keys can be exchanged by encoding the key into a weak photon source using classical methods, or the keys can be exchanged using pairs of photons entangled at the source, or the keys can even be exchanged by encoding with classical hardware at the source with an entangling measurement which occurs at the photons destination. Each type of quantum key exchange has its own requirements that must be met for point-to-point implementations which makes it exceedingly difficult to implement multi-node quantum networks. We propose a programmable network model to time encoded quantum key distribution; this version of QKD sends entangled photons to two users and the hardware is setup such that the relative time shift in the coincident photons encodes which measurement basis was used. The protocols were first simulated by modifying previous software which used the CHP quantum simulator, and then a point-to-point key exchange was setup in hardware to demonstrate the time encoding aspects of the protocol.
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Venkat R. Dasari, Venkat R. Dasari, Ronald J. Sadlier, Ronald J. Sadlier, Billy E. Geerhart, Billy E. Geerhart, Travis S. Humble, Travis S. Humble, } "Demonstration of provably secure quantum key distribution (QKD)", Proc. SPIE 10652, Disruptive Technologies in Information Sciences, 106520A (9 May 2018); doi: 10.1117/12.2303653; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2303653
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