A wide spectral range can be obtain (2 - 10 μm). In the most mature version NesCOPO takes benefit of down-conversion of a laser radiation at 1.064 μm in a PPLN bulk crystal and give rise to two secondary radiation around 1.5 μm and between 3.2 and 4.25 μm. This last radiation is used to probe rovibrational absorption lines of species of interest using absorption or transmission spectroscopy.
Speed in the selection of the emitted wavelength can be an important requirement especially when security is involved. We use engineering of the crystal using fan-out configuration. Evolution of the bandwidth and phase shift between the three waves after reflection onto the end cavity mirror has to be managed to maintain high conversion efficiency. Experiment show more flexible behavior than expected with theory. This lead to fine wavelength control on the overall emission spectrum (over 1 μm) without using crystal temperature tuning that slow down tuning speed.