Tissue fusion using a computerized 1.3 micron YAG laser has been in use in human clinical trails under a FDA investigational device exemption since June, 1988. Animals studies using the 1.3 micron wavelength will be reviewed.
Douglas K. Dew,
"Tissue Fusion With 1.3 Micron YAG Laser", Proc. SPIE 1066, Laser Surgery: Advanced Characterization, Therapeutics, and Systems, (11 September 1989); doi: 10.1117/12.952024; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.952024