15 May 2018 Piezoelectric microstructured fibers via drawing of multimaterial preforms
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We report an all-polymer flexible piezoelectric fiber that uses both judiciously chosen geometry and advanced materials in order to enhance fiber piezoelectric response. The microstructured/nanostructured fiber features a soft hollow polycarbonate core surrounded with a spiral multilayer cladding consisting of alternating layers of piezoelectric nanocomposites (polyvinylidene enhanced with BaTiO3, PZT or CNT) and conductive polymer (carbon filled polyethylene). The conductive polymer layers serve as two electrodes and they also form two spatially offset electric connectors on the fiber surface designed for the ease of connectorization. Kilometer-long piezoelectric fibers of submilimeter diameters are thermally drawn from a macroscopic preform. The fibers exhibit high output voltage of up to 6V under moderate bending, and they show excellent mechanical and electrical durability in a cyclic bend-release test. The micron/nano-size multilayer structure enhances in-fiber poling efficiency thanks to the small distance between the conducting electrodes sandwiching the piezoelectric composite layers. Additionally, spiral structure greatly increases the active area of the piezoelectric composite, thus promoting higher voltage generation and resulting in 10-100 higher power generation efficiency over the existing piezoelectric cables. Finally, we weave the fabricated piezoelectric fibers into technical textiles and demonstrate their potential applications in power generation when used as a sound detector and a wearable textiles
Conference Presentation
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X. Lu, X. Lu, H. Qu, H. Qu, M. Skorobogatiy, M. Skorobogatiy, "Piezoelectric microstructured fibers via drawing of multimaterial preforms", Proc. SPIE 10663, Energy Harvesting and Storage: Materials, Devices, and Applications VIII, 106630E (15 May 2018); doi: 10.1117/12.2304624; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2304624

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