4 May 2018 Weak value amplification of Geometric Spin Hall shift of light beam
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Abstract
Geometric Spin Hall effect of light (SHEL) has attracted considerable attention because of the universality of this variant of the spin Hall shift and its independence on the light-matter interactions and materials properties. However, the magnitude of geometric SHEL is typically very small, in the sub-wavelength domain, making it difficult for direct experimental observation. Here, we have applied weak measurement schemes to amplify and faithfully observe the geometric SHEL. In our experiment, the input beam is pre-selected in linear polarization basis (p- or slinear polarization) and post selections are done at nearly orthogonal linear polarizations (small angle ϵ away from the exact orthogonal).This results in weak value amplification (~cotϵ) of the resulting shift of the beam centroid. Moreover, this process also leads to selective conversion of spatial to angular nature of geometric SHEL, which along with the weak value amplification leads to manifold amplification of the resulting SHEL, enabling its reliable experimental detection. A key feature of our weak measurement scheme is that both the weak perturbation (tiny geometric SHEL) and the post selection are done simultaneously by a single optical element, namely, a linear polarizer. The dependence of the weak value of the geometric SHEL on the pre and the post selection of polarization states in both linear and elliptical basis were also investigated in details. The specifics of the different weak measurement schemes, various intriguing experimental manifestations of the weak value amplified geometric SHEL, their analysis / interpretation via polarization operator based treatment of weak measurements is presented here.
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Mandira Pal, Mandira Pal, Antariksha Das, Antariksha Das, Sumit Goswami, Sumit Goswami, Nirmalya Ghosh, Nirmalya Ghosh, } "Weak value amplification of Geometric Spin Hall shift of light beam", Proc. SPIE 10672, Nanophotonics VII, 106721P (4 May 2018); doi: 10.1117/12.2306622; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2306622
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