9 May 2018 Nonlinear characteristics of semiconductor laser subject to optical incoherent feedback
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Optical feedback (OF) system plays an important role in nonlinear dynamics because of low cost, less complexity, and well-maintained. Rich nonlinear characteristics of semiconductor laser under optical feedback are investigated, including period-one oscillation (P1), period-two oscillation (P2), quasi-period (QP), and chaotic oscillation (CO) states. However, the stability of the states generated is the most important issue to be solved and improved. In this paper, the polarization rotated feedback is purposed to be an alternative approach that possesses the characteristic of improving the signal quality compared to optical feedback. We focused on the generation of P1 states and on the performance of the noise reduction of the P1 states by utilizing incoherent OF. The polarization rotated feedback system is built up by OF systems under the orthogonally polarized feedback. The optical components that we used in the scheme for generating of the polarization rotated feedback are Faraday rotator (FR) and polarizer to provide the incoherent optical feedback, rich dynamics is obtained compared to those observed in traditional feedback system. Moreover, noise reduction of the P1 states caused by the delay loop frequencies in feedback scheme is realized by applying the orthogonally polarized feedback to the already-generated P1 states by the traditional scheme. To explore the quality of the generated P1 states, the measurements of the amplitude of side peaks, the spectral linewidths, and amplitude variation of P1 states under traditional OF and polarization rotated feedback in both frequency and time domain observed by electrical power spectrum and oscilloscopes are examined and analyzed, respectively. As a result, effective noise reduction in P1 states is achieved while applying a polarization rotated feedback.
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Shin-Cyuan Chen, Shin-Cyuan Chen, You-Peng Hong, You-Peng Hong, Ming-Ju Wu, Ming-Ju Wu, Yu-Shan Juan, Yu-Shan Juan, "Nonlinear characteristics of semiconductor laser subject to optical incoherent feedback", Proc. SPIE 10682, Semiconductor Lasers and Laser Dynamics VIII, 1068224 (9 May 2018); doi: 10.1117/12.2307589; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2307589

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