14 May 2018 Tunable spatial compensation for polarization entangled photons
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The polarization entangled state produced via spontaneous parametric downconversion (SPDC) has relativephase maps in frequency and momentum domains which give an almost complete picture about the distinguishability and purity loss in the conjugate time and space domains. We demonstrate experimentally the tunable compensation of directional relative-phase profile for entangled photons generated by two cascaded / crossed crystals and captured over ultra-wide spatial window. We use a phase-only spatial light modulator (SLM) programmable via a personal computer to flatten (or correct for) the spatial relative-phase profile and also to add on-demand spatial phase profile. A fast, yet accurate, technique is introduced for frequent relative-phase measurements based on the tilt angle of a quarter wave plate (QWP) acting on the diagonally polarized pump beam and nulling the relative-phase of the entangled state at that direction. Our experimental measurements verify previous theoretical models for tunable compensation of the polarization two-photon state produced by the cascaded crystals arrangement.
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Salem F. Hegazy, Salem F. Hegazy, Salah S. A. Obayya, Salah S. A. Obayya, "Tunable spatial compensation for polarization entangled photons", Proc. SPIE 10684, Nonlinear Optics and its Applications 2018, 106841Z (14 May 2018); doi: 10.1117/12.2306942; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2306942

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