17 May 2018 The laser welding of the nanocomposites with biotissues of the cardiovascular system
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Abstract
A reliable connection of dissected biological tissues is a popular problem in modern surgery. In the last decade, two methods of biological tissues connection using laser radiation have been actively developed: laser-assisted vascular repair (LAVR) and anastomosis (LAVA). These methods make it possible to obtain a weld impenetrable for blood and other biological fluids immediately after the welding. A solder is applied to a welding area. The main characteristic of the weld at LAVA is the tensile strength. A weld should be flexible enough to withstand repeated cycles of alternation of diastolic and systolic pressures. Single-walled and multi-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs and MWCNTs respectively) are used to increase the weld tensile strength. They form a spatial bovine serum albumin (BSA)- nanocarbon scaffold under an action of laser radiation. It in real time varies the power of laser radiation (in the range 0.2- 5 W), which is necessary to stabilize the welding temperature (~57 ºC). In the present work new compositions of laser solder are proposed and the scheme of the installation for LAVR are offered. The proposed solder is based on an aqueous dispersion of BSA, MWCNTs and SWCNTs, ICG and collagen. The using of the chromophore ICG is due to its absorption maximum corresponding to the wavelength of the diode laser used (~ 810 nm). The tensile strength was 0.8±0.3 MPa.
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Dmitry I. Ryabkin, Nadezhda A. Taricyna, Alexander Yu. Gerasimenko, Evgeny S. Piyankov, Vitaly M. Podgaetsky, "The laser welding of the nanocomposites with biotissues of the cardiovascular system", Proc. SPIE 10685, Biophotonics: Photonic Solutions for Better Health Care VI, 106853U (17 May 2018); doi: 10.1117/12.2306924; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2306924
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