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6 July 2018 LUVOIR primary mirror segment alignment control with joint laser metrology and segment edge sensing
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An approach is developed for the alignment and stability maintenance of the LUVOIR segmented primary mirror using a segment state estimation and wavefront control method based on a hybrid segment motion sensing architecture of laser truss metrology and segment edge sensors. Our current computer model was generated for LUVOIR Architecture Option A with a 15-meter aperture, 120-segment primary mirror. The methodology and simulation results will be presented and analyzed. JPL has a long history of technology development in laser metrology and edge sensors, including work in SIM [7], Keck and TMT [8], CCAT [3] and LUVOIR [1]. We will discuss our current efforts of LUVOIR laser metrology and edge-sensor models development, showing sensitivities of sensor measurements to various LUVOIR mirror eigen-modes, removing global modes and strengthening weak modes by performing joint (hybrid) lasermetrology and edge sensing. We will define and derive an important performance metric called wavefront error multiplier (WEM), and show that WEM provides a simple link between sensor errors and the closed-loop (controlled) system wavefront error. We will show WEM values for several hybrid sensor configuration options studied. We will discuss an algorithm for mirror shape control and maintenance through segment state and wavefront estimations using joint edge-metrology sensing. We will compare simulated performance of mirror state estimation, wavefront estimation and wavefront control based on joint edge-metrology sensing among several sensor configurations, and show the impact of sensor error distributions on the segmented mirror alignment performance. Mirror shape control performance will also be evaluated in the context of imaging contrast between inner working angles (IWA) and outer working angles (OWA) of a LUVOIR coronagraph.
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John Z. Lou, David C. Redding, Joel A. Nissen, and Chris Shelton "LUVOIR primary mirror segment alignment control with joint laser metrology and segment edge sensing", Proc. SPIE 10698, Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2018: Optical, Infrared, and Millimeter Wave, 1069840 (6 July 2018);

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