6 July 2018 Concept of the X-ray Astronomy Recovery Mission
Makoto Tashiro; Hironori Maejima; Kenichi Toda; Richard Kelley; Lillian Reichenthal; James Lobell; Robert Petre; Matteo Guainazzi; Elisa Costantini; Mark Edison; Ryuichi Fujimoto; Martin Grim; Kiyoshi Hayashida; Jan-Willem den Herder; Yoshitaka Ishisaki; Stéphane Paltani; Kyoko Matsushita; Koji Mori; Gary Sneiderman; Yoh Takei; Yukikatsu Terada; Hiroshi Tomida; Hiroki Akamatsu; Lorella Angelini; Yoshitaka Arai; Hisamitsu Awaki; Lurli Babyk; Aya Bamba; Peter Barfknecht; Kim Barnstable; Thomas Bialas; Branimir Blagojevic; Joseph Bonafede; Clifford Brambora; Laura Brenneman; Greg Brown; Kimberly Brown; Laura Burns; Edgar Canavan; Tim Carnahan; Meng Chiao; Brian Comber; Lia Corrales; Cor de Vries; Johannes Dercksen; Maria Diaz-Trigo; Tyrone Dillard; Michael DiPirro; Chris Done; Tadayasu Dotani; Ken Ebisawa; Megan Eckart; Teruaki Enoto; Yuichiro Ezoe; Carlo Ferrigno; Yasushi Fukazawa; Yutaka Fujita; Akihiro Furuzawa; Luigi Gallo; Steve Graham; Liyi Gu; Kohichi Hagino; Kenji Hamaguchi; Isamu Hatsukade; Dean Hawes; Takayuki Hayashi; Cailey Hegarty; Natalie Hell; Junko Hiraga; Edmund Hodges-Kluck; Matt Holland; Ann Hornschemeier; Akio Hoshino; Yuto Ichinohe; Ryo Iizuka; Kazunori Ishibashi; Manabu Ishida; Kumi Ishikawa; Kosei Ishimura; Bryan James; Timothy Kallman; Erin Kara; Satoru Katsuda; Steven Kenyon; Caroline Kilbourne; Mark Kimball; Takao Kitaguti; Shunji Kitamoto; Shogo Kobayashi; Takayoshi Kohmura; Shu Koyama; Aya Kubota; Maurice Leutenegger; Tom Lockard; Mike Loewenstein; Yoshitomo Maeda; Lynette Marbley; Maxim Markevitch; Hironori Matsumoto; Keiichi Matsuzaki; Dan McCammon; Brian McNamara; Joseph Miko; Eric Miller; Jon Miller; Kenji Minesugi; Ikuyuki Mitsuishi; Tsunefumi Mizuno; Hideyuki Mori; Koji Mukai; Hiroshi Murakami; Richard Mushotzky; Hiroshi Nakajima; Hideto Nakamura; Shinya Nakashima; Kazuhiro Nakazawa; Chikara Natsukari; Kenichiro Nigo; Yusuke Nishioka; Kumiko Nobukawa; Masayoshi Nobukawa; Hirofumi Noda; Hirokazu Odaka; Mina Ogawa; Takaya Ohashi; Masahiro Ohno; Masayuki Ohta; Takashi Okajima; Atsushi Okamoto; Michitaka Onizuka; Naomi Ota; Masanobu Ozaki; Paul Plucinsky; F. Scott Porter; Katja Pottschmidt; Kosuke Sato; Rie Sato; Makoto Sawada; Hiromi Seta; Ken Shelton; Yasuko Shibano; Maki Shida; Megumi Shidatsu; Peter Shirron; Aurora Simionescu; Randall Smith; Kazunori Someya; Yang Soong; Yasuharu Suagawara; Andy Szymkowiak; Hiromitsu Takahashi; Toru Tamagawa; Takayuki Tamura; Takaaki Tanaka; Yuichi Terashima; Yohko Tsuboi; Masahiro Tsujimoto; Hiroshi Tsunemi; Takeshi Tsuru; Hiroyuki Uchida; Hideki Uchiyama; Yoshihiro Ueda; Shinichiro Uno; Thomas Walsh; Shin Watanabe; Brian Williams; Rob Wolfs; Michael Wright; Shinya Yamada; Hiroya Yamaguchi; Kazutaka Yamaoka; Noriko Yamasaki; Shigeo Yamauchi; Makoto Yamauchi; Keiichi Yanagase; Tahir Yaqoob; Susumu Yasuda; Nasa Yoshioka; Jaime Zabala; Zhuravleva Irina
Author Affiliations +
Abstract
The ASTRO-H mission was designed and developed through an international collaboration of JAXA, NASA, ESA, and the CSA. It was successfully launched on February 17, 2016, and then named Hitomi. During the in-orbit verification phase, the on-board observational instruments functioned as expected. The intricate coolant and refrigeration systems for soft X-ray spectrometer (SXS, a quantum micro-calorimeter) and soft X-ray imager (SXI, an X-ray CCD) also functioned as expected. However, on March 26, 2016, operations were prematurely terminated by a series of abnormal events and mishaps triggered by the attitude control system. These errors led to a fatal event: the loss of the solar panels on the Hitomi mission. The X-ray Astronomy Recovery Mission (or, XARM) is proposed to regain the key scientific advances anticipated by the international collaboration behind Hitomi. XARM will recover this science in the shortest time possible by focusing on one of the main science goals of Hitomi,“Resolving astrophysical problems by precise high-resolution X-ray spectroscopy”.1 This decision was reached after evaluating the performance of the instruments aboard Hitomi and the mission’s initial scientific results, and considering the landscape of planned international X-ray astrophysics missions in 2020’s and 2030’s. Hitomi opened the door to high-resolution spectroscopy in the X-ray universe. It revealed a number of discrepancies between new observational results and prior theoretical predictions. Yet, the resolution pioneered by Hitomi is also the key to answering these and other fundamental questions. The high spectral resolution realized by XARM will not offer mere refinements; rather, it will enable qualitative leaps in astrophysics and plasma physics. XARM has therefore been given a broad scientific charge: “Revealing material circulation and energy transfer in cosmic plasmas and elucidating evolution of cosmic structures and objects”. To fulfill this charge, four categories of science objectives that were defined for Hitomi will also be pursued by XARM; these include (1) Structure formation of the Universe and evolution of clusters of galaxies; (2) Circulation history of baryonic matters in the Universe; (3) Transport and circulation of energy in the Universe; (4) New science with unprecedented high resolution X-ray spectroscopy. In order to achieve these scientific objectives, XARM will carry a 6 × 6 pixelized X-ray micro-calorimeter on the focal plane of an X-ray mirror assembly, and an aligned X-ray CCD camera covering the same energy band and a wider field of view. This paper introduces the science objectives, mission concept, and observing plan of XARM.
Conference Presentation
© (2018) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Makoto Tashiro, Makoto Tashiro, Hironori Maejima, Hironori Maejima, Kenichi Toda, Kenichi Toda, Richard Kelley, Richard Kelley, Lillian Reichenthal, Lillian Reichenthal, James Lobell, James Lobell, Robert Petre, Robert Petre, Matteo Guainazzi, Matteo Guainazzi, Elisa Costantini, Elisa Costantini, Mark Edison, Mark Edison, Ryuichi Fujimoto, Ryuichi Fujimoto, Martin Grim, Martin Grim, Kiyoshi Hayashida, Kiyoshi Hayashida, Jan-Willem den Herder, Jan-Willem den Herder, Yoshitaka Ishisaki, Yoshitaka Ishisaki, Stéphane Paltani, Stéphane Paltani, Kyoko Matsushita, Kyoko Matsushita, Koji Mori, Koji Mori, Gary Sneiderman, Gary Sneiderman, Yoh Takei, Yoh Takei, Yukikatsu Terada, Yukikatsu Terada, Hiroshi Tomida, Hiroshi Tomida, Hiroki Akamatsu, Hiroki Akamatsu, Lorella Angelini, Lorella Angelini, Yoshitaka Arai, Yoshitaka Arai, Hisamitsu Awaki, Hisamitsu Awaki, Lurli Babyk, Lurli Babyk, Aya Bamba, Aya Bamba, Peter Barfknecht, Peter Barfknecht, Kim Barnstable, Kim Barnstable, Thomas Bialas, Thomas Bialas, Branimir Blagojevic, Branimir Blagojevic, Joseph Bonafede, Joseph Bonafede, Clifford Brambora, Clifford Brambora, Laura Brenneman, Laura Brenneman, Greg Brown, Greg Brown, Kimberly Brown, Kimberly Brown, Laura Burns, Laura Burns, Edgar Canavan, Edgar Canavan, Tim Carnahan, Tim Carnahan, Meng Chiao, Meng Chiao, Brian Comber, Brian Comber, Lia Corrales, Lia Corrales, Cor de Vries, Cor de Vries, Johannes Dercksen, Johannes Dercksen, Maria Diaz-Trigo, Maria Diaz-Trigo, Tyrone Dillard, Tyrone Dillard, Michael DiPirro, Michael DiPirro, Chris Done, Chris Done, Tadayasu Dotani, Tadayasu Dotani, Ken Ebisawa, Ken Ebisawa, Megan Eckart, Megan Eckart, Teruaki Enoto, Teruaki Enoto, Yuichiro Ezoe, Yuichiro Ezoe, Carlo Ferrigno, Carlo Ferrigno, Yasushi Fukazawa, Yasushi Fukazawa, Yutaka Fujita, Yutaka Fujita, Akihiro Furuzawa, Akihiro Furuzawa, Luigi Gallo, Luigi Gallo, Steve Graham, Steve Graham, Liyi Gu, Liyi Gu, Kohichi Hagino, Kohichi Hagino, Kenji Hamaguchi, Kenji Hamaguchi, Isamu Hatsukade, Isamu Hatsukade, Dean Hawes, Dean Hawes, Takayuki Hayashi, Takayuki Hayashi, Cailey Hegarty, Cailey Hegarty, Natalie Hell, Natalie Hell, Junko Hiraga, Junko Hiraga, Edmund Hodges-Kluck, Edmund Hodges-Kluck, Matt Holland, Matt Holland, Ann Hornschemeier, Ann Hornschemeier, Akio Hoshino, Akio Hoshino, Yuto Ichinohe, Yuto Ichinohe, Ryo Iizuka, Ryo Iizuka, Kazunori Ishibashi, Kazunori Ishibashi, Manabu Ishida, Manabu Ishida, Kumi Ishikawa, Kumi Ishikawa, Kosei Ishimura, Kosei Ishimura, Bryan James, Bryan James, Timothy Kallman, Timothy Kallman, Erin Kara, Erin Kara, Satoru Katsuda, Satoru Katsuda, Steven Kenyon, Steven Kenyon, Caroline Kilbourne, Caroline Kilbourne, Mark Kimball, Mark Kimball, Takao Kitaguti, Takao Kitaguti, Shunji Kitamoto, Shunji Kitamoto, Shogo Kobayashi, Shogo Kobayashi, Takayoshi Kohmura, Takayoshi Kohmura, Shu Koyama, Shu Koyama, Aya Kubota, Aya Kubota, Maurice Leutenegger, Maurice Leutenegger, Tom Lockard, Tom Lockard, Mike Loewenstein, Mike Loewenstein, Yoshitomo Maeda, Yoshitomo Maeda, Lynette Marbley, Lynette Marbley, Maxim Markevitch, Maxim Markevitch, Hironori Matsumoto, Hironori Matsumoto, Keiichi Matsuzaki, Keiichi Matsuzaki, Dan McCammon, Dan McCammon, Brian McNamara, Brian McNamara, Joseph Miko, Joseph Miko, Eric Miller, Eric Miller, Jon Miller, Jon Miller, Kenji Minesugi, Kenji Minesugi, Ikuyuki Mitsuishi, Ikuyuki Mitsuishi, Tsunefumi Mizuno, Tsunefumi Mizuno, Hideyuki Mori, Hideyuki Mori, Koji Mukai, Koji Mukai, Hiroshi Murakami, Hiroshi Murakami, Richard Mushotzky, Richard Mushotzky, Hiroshi Nakajima, Hiroshi Nakajima, Hideto Nakamura, Hideto Nakamura, Shinya Nakashima, Shinya Nakashima, Kazuhiro Nakazawa, Kazuhiro Nakazawa, Chikara Natsukari, Chikara Natsukari, Kenichiro Nigo, Kenichiro Nigo, Yusuke Nishioka, Yusuke Nishioka, Kumiko Nobukawa, Kumiko Nobukawa, Masayoshi Nobukawa, Masayoshi Nobukawa, Hirofumi Noda, Hirofumi Noda, Hirokazu Odaka, Hirokazu Odaka, Mina Ogawa, Mina Ogawa, Takaya Ohashi, Takaya Ohashi, Masahiro Ohno, Masahiro Ohno, Masayuki Ohta, Masayuki Ohta, Takashi Okajima, Takashi Okajima, Atsushi Okamoto, Atsushi Okamoto, Michitaka Onizuka, Michitaka Onizuka, Naomi Ota, Naomi Ota, Masanobu Ozaki, Masanobu Ozaki, Paul Plucinsky, Paul Plucinsky, F. Scott Porter, F. Scott Porter, Katja Pottschmidt, Katja Pottschmidt, Kosuke Sato, Kosuke Sato, Rie Sato, Rie Sato, Makoto Sawada, Makoto Sawada, Hiromi Seta, Hiromi Seta, Ken Shelton, Ken Shelton, Yasuko Shibano, Yasuko Shibano, Maki Shida, Maki Shida, Megumi Shidatsu, Megumi Shidatsu, Peter Shirron, Peter Shirron, Aurora Simionescu, Aurora Simionescu, Randall Smith, Randall Smith, Kazunori Someya, Kazunori Someya, Yang Soong, Yang Soong, Yasuharu Suagawara, Yasuharu Suagawara, Andy Szymkowiak, Andy Szymkowiak, Hiromitsu Takahashi, Hiromitsu Takahashi, Toru Tamagawa, Toru Tamagawa, Takayuki Tamura, Takayuki Tamura, Takaaki Tanaka, Takaaki Tanaka, Yuichi Terashima, Yuichi Terashima, Yohko Tsuboi, Yohko Tsuboi, Masahiro Tsujimoto, Masahiro Tsujimoto, Hiroshi Tsunemi, Hiroshi Tsunemi, Takeshi Tsuru, Takeshi Tsuru, Hiroyuki Uchida, Hiroyuki Uchida, Hideki Uchiyama, Hideki Uchiyama, Yoshihiro Ueda, Yoshihiro Ueda, Shinichiro Uno, Shinichiro Uno, Thomas Walsh, Thomas Walsh, Shin Watanabe, Shin Watanabe, Brian Williams, Brian Williams, Rob Wolfs, Rob Wolfs, Michael Wright, Michael Wright, Shinya Yamada, Shinya Yamada, Hiroya Yamaguchi, Hiroya Yamaguchi, Kazutaka Yamaoka, Kazutaka Yamaoka, Noriko Yamasaki, Noriko Yamasaki, Shigeo Yamauchi, Shigeo Yamauchi, Makoto Yamauchi, Makoto Yamauchi, Keiichi Yanagase, Keiichi Yanagase, Tahir Yaqoob, Tahir Yaqoob, Susumu Yasuda, Susumu Yasuda, Nasa Yoshioka, Nasa Yoshioka, Jaime Zabala, Jaime Zabala, Zhuravleva Irina, Zhuravleva Irina, } "Concept of the X-ray Astronomy Recovery Mission", Proc. SPIE 10699, Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2018: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray, 1069922 (6 July 2018); doi: 10.1117/12.2309455; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2309455
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