Visual measurement plays an increasingly important role in the field o f aerospace, ship and machinery manufacturing. Camera calibration of large field-of-view is a critical part of visual measurement . For the issue a large scale target is difficult to be produced, and the precision can not to be guaranteed. While a small target has the advantage of produced of high precision, but only local optimal solutions can be obtained . Therefore, studying the most suitable ratio of the target size to the camera field of view to ensure the calibration precision requirement of the wide field-of-view is required. In this paper, the cameras are calibrated by a series of different dimensions of checkerboard calibration target s and round calibration targets, respectively. The ratios of the target size to the camera field-of-view are 9%, 18%, 27%, 36%, 45%, 54%, 63%, 72%, 81% and 90%. The target is placed in different positions in the camera field to obtain the camera parameters of different positions . Then, the distribution curves of the reprojection mean error of the feature points’ restructure in different ratios are analyzed. The experimental data demonstrate that with the ratio of the target size to the camera field-of-view increas ing, the precision of calibration is accordingly improved, and the reprojection mean error changes slightly when the ratio is above 45%.