The ability of non-contact temperature sensing using NaYxGd1-xF4 on one hand and laser induced heating on the other hand was shown. It was found, that the heat conversion luminescence efficiency is strongly affected by the concentration ratio of Gd3+ to Y3+ ions in host lattice. The optimal composition among the studied is NaY0.4Gd0.4Yb0.17Er0.03 with luminescence efficiency of 3.5% under 1 W/cm2 pumping power. Higher Gd3+ concentrations lead to higher heating temperature, but also to the decrease of the luminescence intensity and the accuracy of the ratiometric temperature determination. It was also shown that the optimization of Yb3+ doping concentration is one of the possible ways for optimization of the conditions of laser induced photothermal effects.
Experimental in vitro study of hyperthermia with use of upconversion nanoparticles on HeLa and C6 cell lines was performed. The investigated nanoparticles are capable of in vitro photothermal heating, luminescent localization and thermal sensing.