26 April 2018 The structure of Ti-Ta welded joint and microhardness distribution over the cross section
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In order to create highly efficient medical systems and measuring biosensors, an approach is frequently used, in which the constructive basis of the product is made of a high-strength biocompatible material (titanium, stainless steel), and the functional layer is made of a more expensive metal (Ta, Zr, Au, Pt, etc.) or ceramics (Ta2O5, ZrO2, CaTiO3, etc.). For a strong connection, e.g. titanium with tantalum, it is proposed to use diffusion butt welding. The heat generated by passing electric current (I is not less than 1.95-2.05 kA, P – not less than 9 kW, t = 250-1000 ms) and applied pressure (30-50 MPa) ensure an integral connection. To improve the quality of the joint, i.e. to exclude cracks and tightness, it is necessary to choose the right combination of the thickness of the welded parts. It was established that when titanium (2 mm thick) and tantalum (0.1-0.5 mm) are combined, a better Ti-Ta welded joint is formed when tantalum foil is used (0.5 mm). Here the distribution of hardness over the cross section of the sample, including the welding areas, is uniform and has no extremely high residual stresses of the tensile type.
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Aleksandr A. Fomin, Aleksandr A. Fomin, Vladimir A. Koshuro, Vladimir A. Koshuro, Ivan S. Egorov, Ivan S. Egorov, Andrey Yu. Shelkunov, Andrey Yu. Shelkunov, Andrey M. Zakharevich, Andrey M. Zakharevich, Natalia N. Steinhauer, Natalia N. Steinhauer, Igor V. Rodionov, Igor V. Rodionov, } "The structure of Ti-Ta welded joint and microhardness distribution over the cross section", Proc. SPIE 10716, Saratov Fall Meeting 2017: Optical Technologies in Biophysics and Medicine XIX, 107161P (26 April 2018); doi: 10.1117/12.2305870; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2305870

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