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6 July 2018 First results with a deep learning (feed-forward CNN) approach for daily quality control in digital breast tomosynthesis
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Proceedings Volume 10718, 14th International Workshop on Breast Imaging (IWBI 2018); 1071819 (2018)
Event: The Fourteenth International Workshop on Breast Imaging, 2018, Atlanta, Georgia, United States
In digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) large number of parameters influence system performance and the requirement to achieve high quality images every day suggest the implementation of a daily quality control (DQC) procedure. In 2D digital mammography, daily QC is typically performed with homogenous plates and a minimal amount of technical inserts for assessment of NNPS, signal to noise, uniformity, defective pixels and other artefacts. This work proposes an alternative means of performing DQC in DBT with a 3D structured phantom that also includes a constancy test of reconstruction stability in the analysis. The aim of the study was to explore deep learning techniques to automatically track deviations from the normal or baseline operating point and compare the results to the standard metrics. As a first test case, changes in dose were investigated.

Feed-forward convolutional neural networks (CNN) have been successfully applied in the medical imaging domain. A 12 layer CNN model was constructed to extract features for image classification. A structured phantom was scanned on a Siemens DBT system at three dose levels: dose set by the automatic exposure control (AEC) system, half this dose and double. After training the CNN on 36 DBT acquisitions (51840 image segments), newly acquired test images were categorized by the algorithm into the dose categories with an accuracy of 99.7%. Parallel to that the standard methods as NNPS and pixel value (PV) mean and variance calculated for the projection and reconstructed planes also show ability to detect the dose level change with some limitations for the reconstructed planes. This result indicates the potential for further use of deep learning algorithms for DQC when using only the reconstructed DBT planes.
© (2018) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Dimitar Petrov, Nicholas Marshall, Lesley Cockmartin, and Hilde Bosmans "First results with a deep learning (feed-forward CNN) approach for daily quality control in digital breast tomosynthesis", Proc. SPIE 10718, 14th International Workshop on Breast Imaging (IWBI 2018), 1071819 (6 July 2018);

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