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19 September 2018 Coupling effects in dense arrays of 3D optical metamaterials
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Abstract
Three-dimensional (3D) metafilms composed of periodic arrays containing single and multiple micrometer-scale vertical split ring resonators per unit cell were fabricated using membrane projection lithography. In contrast to planar and stacked planar structures such as cut wire pairs and fishnet structures, these 3D metafilms have a thickness t ~λd/4, allowing for classical thin film effects in the long wavelength limit. The infrared specular far-field scattering response was measured for metafilms containing one and two resonators per unit cell, and compared to numerical simulations. Excellent agreement in the frequency region below the onset of diffractive scattering was obtained. The metafilms demonstrate strong bi-anisotropic polarization dependence. Further, we show that for 3D metafilms, just as in solids, complex unit cells with multiple atoms (inclusions) per unit cell possess a richer set of excitation mechanisms. The highlight of these new coupling mechanisms is the excitation of the 3D analog to the 2D cut-wire-pair magnetic response.
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D. Bruce Burckel, Bryan M. Adomanis, Salvatore Campione, and Michael B. Sinclair "Coupling effects in dense arrays of 3D optical metamaterials", Proc. SPIE 10719, Metamaterials, Metadevices, and Metasystems 2018, 107190L (19 September 2018); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2322185
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