14 September 2018 Metamaterial/graphene amplitude and frequency modulators for the active control of terahertz quantum cascade lasers
Author Affiliations +
Abstract
Hybrid metamaterial/graphene amplitude and frequency modulators have been implemented as external optoelectronic mirrors in external cavity configurations with terahertz quantum cascade lasers (QCLs). These devices’ tunability is accomplished via the interplay between metamaterial resonant units, normally engineered in mm-size arrays, and graphene. The integration of these devices in external cavity QCLs offers unique emission features and realizes an unprecedented studied regime. The implementation of an external amplitude modulation allows the full switching of laser emission in single mode operation by electrostatically gating graphene. The introduction of more dispersive tunable architectures in frequency modulators yields additionally an all-electronic spectral laser bistability.
Conference Presentation
© (2018) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
R. Degl'Innocenti, Stephen J. Kindness, Nikita W. Almond, Binbin Wei, Robert Wallis, Varun S. Kamboj, Philipp Braeuninger-Weimer, Stephan Hofmann, Harvey E. Beere, and David A. Ritchie "Metamaterial/graphene amplitude and frequency modulators for the active control of terahertz quantum cascade lasers", Proc. SPIE 10756, Terahertz Emitters, Receivers, and Applications IX, 107560U (14 September 2018); doi: 10.1117/12.2320506; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2320506
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