18 September 2018 Profiling of atmospheric turbulence along a path using two beacons and a Hartmann turbulence sensor
Author Affiliations +
The Hartmann Turbulence Sensor (HTS) is an optical system capable of estimating several atmospheric turbulence parameters, such as Greenwood frequency, Fried’s coherence diameter and inner scale of turbulence. It primarily comprises of a 40 cm Meade telescope, a 32 x 32 Shack- Hartmann lenslet array, and a high-speed camera. The HTS estimates the turbulence parameters by measuring the local tilts of the aberrated wavefront coming from a laser source and incident at the pupil plane of the telescope. At the Air Force Institute of Technology (AFIT), a technique has been developed to measure the distribution of turbulence along an experimental path using the HTS and two laser sources of the same wavelength. By measuring the variances of the difference in wavefront tilts due to the two sources sensed by a pair of Hartmann subapertures with varying separations, turbulence information along the path can be extracted. The method relies on deriving a set of weighting functions, each weighting function dipping to zero at a range where the two sensing paths from the beacons to the subapertures intersect, thus canceling out the effect of turbulence at this location on the differential tilt signal. The analytical expression for the path weighting functions has been derived here. The technique has been applied to experimental data collected over a 500 m grassy path and the profiling results have been compared to a co-located scintillometer. This work will eventually aid in obtaining a better understanding of turbulence in the lower atmosphere and how it varies with height.
Conference Presentation
© (2018) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Santasri R. Bose-Pillai, Jack E. McCrae, Matthew D. Wilson, Andrew L. Back, Christopher A. Rice, and Steven T. Fiorino "Profiling of atmospheric turbulence along a path using two beacons and a Hartmann turbulence sensor", Proc. SPIE 10772, Unconventional and Indirect Imaging, Image Reconstruction, and Wavefront Sensing 2018, 107720C (18 September 2018); doi: 10.1117/12.2321719; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2321719

Back to Top