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22 October 2018 The EarthCARE cloud profiling radar (CPR) doppler measurements in deep convection: challenges, post-processing, and science applications
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Abstract
The Earth Clouds, Aerosols and Radiation Explorer (EarthCARE) satellite is a joint European Space Agency and Japanese Aerospace Exploration Agency mission scheduled to launch in 2021. EarthCARE (EC) will host the first Doppler cloud profiling radar (CPR) in space which, in addition to constraining microphysical retrievals in particle sedimentation regimes, is expected to provide the first ever global observations of convective vertical air motion and associated mass fluxes. Here, the potential of the EC-CPR velocity measurements in convection is evaluated using forward-simulations performed using a state-of-the-art EC-CPR Doppler simulator and output from high-resolution, bulk microphysics numerical models. Results indicate that the EC-CPR has the potential to measure Doppler velocities in the top 40 % of convective cores, the rest being not observed/contaminated by attenuation and multiple scattering. In these observable regions, non-uniform beam filling (NUBF) and velocity aliasing could affect the quality of the velocity measurements. We show how observed reflectivity gradient can be used to correct for NUBF effects on Doppler velocity to achieve an accuracy higher than 0.3-0.5 ms-1 . Velocity aliasing remains an important challenge. Our results suggest that the current Nyquist velocity of the EC-CPR will enable it to document, with minimal need for de-aliasing correction, convective events with vertical velocity below 7-8 ms-1 while the information collected about more vigorous events is expected to be more challenging to recover. Overall, despite it being affected by several limiting factors, the EC-CPR has the potential to collect valuable velocity observations in deep convection thus complementing the current sparse ground-based record.
© (2018) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Pavlos Kollias, Alessandro Battaglia, Alexandra Tatarevic, Katia Lamer, Frederic Tridon, and Lukas Pfitzenmaier "The EarthCARE cloud profiling radar (CPR) doppler measurements in deep convection: challenges, post-processing, and science applications", Proc. SPIE 10776, Remote Sensing of the Atmosphere, Clouds, and Precipitation VII, 107760R (22 October 2018); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2324321
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