The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) has been in operation for over 18 and 16 years on the Terra and Aqua spacecrafts, respectively. In order to maintain long-term calibration stability over the life of each mission, MODIS uses a set of on-board calibrators as well as observations of the Moon and selected Earth-view targets. The lunar observations nominally occur in a narrow phase angle range, 55°-56° , and use scheduled spacecraft maneuvers in order to bring the Moon into alignment with the MODIS space-view port. These observations are used to help characterize the MODIS scan-mirror response versus scan-angle. In addition to these scheduled lunar observations, MODIS also views the Moon through the space-view port without a spacecraft maneuver when the geometry is appropriately aligned. This occurs over a wider phase angle range, between 51°-82° degrees, than those of the scheduled moon observations. While the phase angle restriction of our scheduled observations provides consistency between the calibration events, the unscheduled Moon data can provide a valuable assessment of many calibration related investigations that use the Moon. In this paper, we compare the results of unscheduled versus scheduled lunar observations for several sensor calibration and performance assessments. These include the lunar calibration trending used to characterize the scan-mirror response versus scan angle and the electronic crosstalk correction of bands 27-30, which are currently used in the MODIS Level-1B data products, as well as sensor performance assessments such as band-to-band and detector-to-detector spatial registration.