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9 October 2018 Nonuniformity determination of infrared imagers by detecting radiance temperatures with the Data Reference Method
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Abstract
We present a fast and simple method of the nonuniformity determination of infrared imagers with Focal Plane Arrays (FPA). It is based on the Data Reference Method (DRM) developed at PTB. The benefit of this method is that it can be applied with inhomogeneous radiation sources of arbitrary spatial radiance temperature distribution. It only requires a sufficient temporal stability of the detected radiance distribution during the measurement process.

The nonuniformity in the response of the infrared imager, caused by the pixel-to-pixel responsivity variation, is determined with the help of the DRM. The DRM is based on at least three successively taken images of a radiation source. A first image (primary image) is taken from the source, then a second image is taken from the source with the field of view of the imager purposely shifted in the direction represented by the rows of the FPA and, finally, a third image is taken with the field of view of the imager purposely shifted in the direction represented by the columns of the FPA in relation to the primary image. From these three images a result matrix is generated which yields the respective differences between the radiance temperature responsivity values of all detector pixels of the FPA to a user-selected reference pixel. For the application of this method we distinguish between infrared imagers with actively cooled and/or actively temperaturestabilized FPAs on the one hand and infrared imagers with non-temperature-stabilized FPAs on the other hand, as the later ones generally exhibit larger temporal drifts in their detected radiance temperatures.
Conference Presentation
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Sebastian König, Berndt Gutschwager, and Jörg Hollandt "Nonuniformity determination of infrared imagers by detecting radiance temperatures with the Data Reference Method ", Proc. SPIE 10789, Image and Signal Processing for Remote Sensing XXIV, 1078904 (9 October 2018); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2325598
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