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9 October 2018 Application of remote sensing data for forest fires severity assessment
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Abstract
Forest fires continue to burn large territories, both within and outside Europe. It is suitably to assess fire-induced changes in the vegetation, which in turn affects infiltration, runoff, and erosion potential. Therefore it is important to identify potential areas of concern and prioritize field reconnaissance. The development of a burn severity map will facilitate quantifying of the post-fire assessment phase. In this study the potential of Normalized Burn Index (NBR), Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) and normalized difference greenness indices (NDGI) derived from remote sensing methods (satellite data from different sensors Sentinel and Landsat) and Geographical Information System (GIS) have been analyzed for forest fire severity assessment. For more accurate assessment of the fire severity, a hybrid model was developed, using satellite data from different sensors - Sentinel and Landsat. For this purpose, the area, affected by fires occurred in august 2017 on the northwest slopes of the Ajtovska Mountain (East part of the Stara planina mountain) in the Eastern part of Bulgaria was studied. The forest fire events were spread on the area of (508.5 ha) and the affected vegetation was composed by deciduous forests (309.4ha), coniferous (62.4ha), mixed forests (61.4 ha) and grass and shrubs (75.3ha). Through the model developed, results applicable to the actual forest ecosystem conditions for different time intervals have been obtained. These results provide quantitative information about fire severity for distinct forest types, thus allowing for designing relevant fire severity maps.
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Roumen Nedkov, Emiliya Velizarova, Ibrahim Molla, and Kameliya Radeva "Application of remote sensing data for forest fires severity assessment", Proc. SPIE 10790, Earth Resources and Environmental Remote Sensing/GIS Applications IX, 107901U (9 October 2018); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2325742
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