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3 October 2018 Holographic masks for computational proximity lithography with EUV radiation
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Abstract
Nowadays, EUV projection lithography has been proven effective for high-volume manufacturing of microchips. In parallel, high-resolution nanopatterning has been demonstrated utilizing interference lithography [1]. However, the former suffers from the complexity of projection optics, and the latter is limited to periodic structures. The presented approach is free of imaging optics and moreover allows for printing arbitrary (non-periodic) structures. Taking advantage of iterative designing of synthetic holograms, the described idea enables creating dedicated optical structure that can be applied for proximity lithography with EUV radiation. The method does not require a sophisticated optical system but necessitates numerical computation of a holographic mask, which gives desired intensity distribution at wafer. It is an inverse problem: for known intensity distribution at the wafer a design of holographic mask has to be inferred. The light field distribution in the plane of the mask can be calculated using phase retrieval methods based on Gerchberg-Saxton algorithm. The process can be described as iterative propagation of light field between mask and wafer planes at which certain constrains are applied: limited number of phase levels, minimal element size on the mask due to the fabrication process, correlation between absorption and phase-shifts and also the resist response. Due to the appropriate optical properties, a photoresist has been chosen as phase shifting material allowing for patterning of arbitrary mask structures. For the realization of the holographic phase shifting mask we used two phase-shifting levels. The fabrication process of the designed mask and experimental results of its characterization are also presented and discussed.
Conference Presentation
© (2018) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
V. Deuter, M. Grochowicz, S. Brose, J. Biller, S. Danylyuk, T. Taubner, D. Grützmacher, and L. Juschkin "Holographic masks for computational proximity lithography with EUV radiation", Proc. SPIE 10809, International Conference on Extreme Ultraviolet Lithography 2018, 108091A (3 October 2018); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2502879
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