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24 January 2019 Optical responsivity of mechanical resonators based on suspended membranes of graphene and transition metal dichalcogenides
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Abstract
Mechanical resonators based on suspended two-dimensional membranes are promising systems for developing sensitive detectors of mass, charge and force. To measure the flexural vibrations of the membrane, it is important to employ a technique capable of resolving tiny fluctuations of vibration amplitude. To this end, researchers have been developing optical detection methods based on Fabry-Perot interferences of light between the membrane and a mirror-like substrate, which relate the intensity of light reflected by the device to the distance between the membrane and the substrate. In this work, we calculate the membrane-to-substrate distances that maximize the optical responsivity of the resonator, which we define as the derivative of the resonator’s reflectivity with respect to membrane’s displacement. In addition, we examine how various substrates with different refractive indices affect this optical responsivity, including bare silicon, silicon coated with silicon oxide, dissipative metal mirrors, and non-dissipative Bragg reflectors. Our calculation method is based on the transfer matrix method for propagating electromagnetic fields. Our results are consistent with earlier theoretical and experimental results, and offer perspectives to enhance the optical responsivity of these mechanical resonators.
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Fengnan Chen, Wenjing Mao, Chen Yang, Heng Lu, Kevin G. Schädler, Antoine Reserbat-Plantey, Johann Osmond, Guoyang Cao, Xiaofeng Li, Chinhua Wang, Ying Yan, and Joel Moser "Optical responsivity of mechanical resonators based on suspended membranes of graphene and transition metal dichalcogenides", Proc. SPIE 10840, 9th International Symposium on Advanced Optical Manufacturing and Testing Technologies: Micro- and Nano-Optics, Catenary Optics, and Subwavelength Electromagnetics, 1084008 (24 January 2019); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2506137
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