Time-energy entangled photon pairs are created by a system consisting of a 1064 nm pump diode laser that is fiber coupled to a high generation rate photon pair source. The source is a dual element periodically poled Magnesium Oxide doped Lithium Niobate (MgO:LN) waveguide that upconverts 1064 nm photons to single 532 nm photons in the first stage. In the second stage, the green photons are down converted to time-energy entangled photon pairs at 794 nm and 1614 nm. The output photon pairs are guided by fiber to sorting optics where they are separated and sent into high-efficiency photon detectors. In particular, the 1614 nm photons are detected by a superconducting nanowire with efficiency near 85% and dead time less than 30 ns. Detector output electrical signals are sent to a time tagger with bin resolution as narrow as 25 ps for coincidence counting. The ultimate goal of this setup is to demonstrate a single-source, high efficiency, high data rate, low noise, quantum communication system to enable Earth-space quantum networks. Test results that characterize the time-energy entangled photon pair creation rates of our source will be presented, via measures of accidental and true coincidence rates versus pump current. To reduce noise (accidentals) as much as possible, and for better understanding of our overall quantum system path-efficiency, studies of fluorescence caused by our pump’s 1064 nm and 532 nm photons will be investigated and discussed. Finally, characteristic measurements of our superconducting nanowire detector, such as dead time and detection efficiency versus electrical bias, will be offered. Please verify that (1) all pages are present, (2) all figures are correct, (3) all fonts and special characters are correct, and (4) all text and figures fit within the red margin lines shown on this review document. Complete formatting information is available at http://SPIE.org/manuscripts Return to the Manage Active Submissions page at http://spie.org/submissions/tasks.aspx and approve or disapprove this submission. Your manuscript will not be published without this approval. Please contact firstname.lastname@example.org with any questions or concerns.