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1 March 2019 Efficient terahertz generation using Fe/Pt spintronic emitters pumped at different wavelengths
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Recent studies in spintronics have highlighted ultrathin magnetic metallic multilayers as a novel and very promising class of broadband terahertz radiation sources. Such spintronic multilayers consist of ferromagnetic (FM) and non-magnetic (NM) thin films. When triggered by ultrafast laser pulses, they generate pulsed THz radiation due to the inverse spin-Hall effect – a mechanism that converts optically driven spin currents from the magnetized FM layer into transient transverse charge currents in the NM layer, resulting in THz emission. As THz emitters, FM/NM multilayers have been intensively investigated so far only at 800-nm excitation wavelength using femtosecond Ti:sapphire lasers. In this work, we demonstrate that an optimized spintronic bilayer structure of 2-nm Fe and 3-nm Pt grown on 500 μm MgO substrate is just as effective as a THz radiation source when excited either at λ = 400 nm, λ = 800 nm or at λ = 1550 nm by ultrafast laser pulses (pulse width ~100 fs, repetition rate ~100 MHz). Even at low incident power levels, the Fe/Pt spintronic emitter exhibits efficient generation of THz radiation at all three excitation wavelengths. The efficient THz emitter operation at 1550 nm facilitates the integration of such spintronic emitters in THz systems driven by relatively low cost and compact fs fiber lasers without the need for frequency conversion.
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René Beigang, Evangelos Th. Papaioannou, Laura Scheuer, Sascha Keller, Garik Torosyan, Marco Rahm, Dominik Sokoluk, Miezel Talara, Yoshinori Oda, Hideaki Kitahara, Jessica Afalla, Valynn Katrine Mag-usara, and Masahiko Tani "Efficient terahertz generation using Fe/Pt spintronic emitters pumped at different wavelengths", Proc. SPIE 10917, Terahertz, RF, Millimeter, and Submillimeter-Wave Technology and Applications XII, 109170O (1 March 2019);

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