25 May 1989 Multivariate Tissue Classification of MRI Images for 3-D Volume Reconstruction - A Statistical Approach
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Abstract
One of the major problems in 3-D volume reconstruction from magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is the difficulty in automating the classification of soft tissues. Because of the complicated soft tissue structures revealed by MRI, it is not easy to segment the images with simple algorithms. MRI can obtain multiple images from the same anatomical section with different pulse sequences, with each image having different response characteristics for each soft tissue. Using the gray level distributions of soft tissues, we have developed two statistical classifiers that utilize the image context information based on the Markov Random Field (MRF) image model. One of the classifiers classifies each voxel to a specific tissue type and the other estimates the partial volume of each tissue within each voxel. Since the voxel sizes of tomographic images are finite and the measurements from tissue boundaries represent the mixture of multiple tissue types, it is preferable that the classifier should not classify each voxel in all-or-none fashion; rather, it should be able to tell the percentage volume of each class in each voxel for the better visualization of the prepared 3-D dataset. The paper presents the theoretical basis of the algorithms and experimental evaluation results of the classifiers in terms of classification accuracy, as compared to the conventional maximum likelihood classifier.
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H. S. Choi, H. S. Choi, D. R. Haynor, D. R. Haynor, Y. Kim, Y. Kim, } "Multivariate Tissue Classification of MRI Images for 3-D Volume Reconstruction - A Statistical Approach", Proc. SPIE 1092, Medical Imaging III: Image Processing, (25 May 1989); doi: 10.1117/12.953259; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.953259
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