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1 March 2019 Spectral self-imaging and Gouy rotation echos of propagating vortex pulse arrays
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Proceedings Volume 10935, Complex Light and Optical Forces XIII; 109350T (2019)
Event: SPIE OPTO, 2019, San Francisco, California, United States
Recently it was reported that free-space propagating, ultrashort-pulsed polychromatic beams with orbital angular momentum (OAM) show a spectral Gouy rotation (SGR) of red- and blue-shifted areas around singularities. In femtosecond laser experiments with different types of spiral phase gratings, pulse propagation in spectral domain was studied with high resolution and sensitivity. By analyzing maps of spectral moments it was found that the interference of multiple OAM beams leads to a periodical revival of SGR by diffractive Talbot self-imaging. If the wavefront twist of the sub-beams is synchronized (co-rotating vortices), an optimum performance is found. In contrast, SGR echoes of counter-rotating beams are periodically distorted by destructive interference. Thus, the fine structure of self-imaged spectral maps enables to sort partial beams from interference patterns by even extremely weak imprinted vorticity information. It may further have implications for highly nonlinear processes and opens new prospects for applications in metrology, optical computing, or interferometry.
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M. Liebmann, A. Treffer, M. Bock, T. Seiler, J. Jahns, T. Elsässer, and R. Grunwald "Spectral self-imaging and Gouy rotation echos of propagating vortex pulse arrays", Proc. SPIE 10935, Complex Light and Optical Forces XIII, 109350T (1 March 2019);

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