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1 March 2019 Micro pixel LEDs: design challenge and implementation for high-resolution headlamps
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Abstract
High-resolution vehicle headlamps represent a future-oriented technology that can be used to increase traffic safety and driving comfort. Typically, selective absorbing of light using a spatial modulator like DMD, LCD or LCoS creates the light distribution of such headlamp systems. A similar effect can be generated by using LED arrays. Its additive principle generates light only in specific segments if necessary. In general, these arrays can be distinguished between conventional LEDs arranged in an array and micro pixel LEDs. Conventional LED arrays characterize by the design (THT or SMD) with typically a few millimeters edge length. In contrast, a micro-pixel LED uses COB technology, in which individual LED dies are packed in a single housing directly next to each other at a distance of a few microns. By increasing the array resolution, the challenges in designing an optical system for high-resolution headlamps rise. High efficiencies and contrasts call for small, accurate lens geometries and negligibly scattered light effects. Due to limited installation space and manufacturing tolerances, compromises have to be made. Ideally, the optics have to be accurate enough to image each pixel of the micro LED with high contrasts and high efficiency and still be too blurry to project the gaps between each pixel. This results in small distances between LED and optics and therefore in diffcult to manufacture radii of curvature. In this paper we specify the challenges to implement micro pixel LEDs in headlamp systems, as well as present the controllability of scattered light effects of these systems.
© (2019) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Marcel Philipp Held, Gerolf Kloppenburg, and Roland Lachmayer "Micro pixel LEDs: design challenge and implementation for high-resolution headlamps", Proc. SPIE 10940, Light-Emitting Devices, Materials, and Applications, 109401U (1 March 2019); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2509336
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