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13 March 2019 Registration based detection and quantification of intracranial aneurysm growth
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Abstract
As growing aneurysms are very likely to rupture, features to detect and quantify the growth are needed in order to assess rupture risk. So far cross-sectional features like maximum dome size were used, however, independent analysis of baseline and follow-up aneurysm shapes may bias these features and thereby conceal the often subtle changes of aneurysm morphology. We propose to detect and quantify aneurysm growth using shape coregistration, composed of globally optimal rigid registration, followed by non-rigid warping of baseline mesh to the follow-up mesh. Aneurysm isolation algorithm is used to constrain the registration to parent vessels and to aneurysm dome in the rigid and non-rigid registration steps, respectively. Based on the analysis of the obtained deformation field, two novel morphologic features were proposed, namely the relative differential surface area and median path length, normalized by maximum dome size. The morphological features were extracted and studied on a CTA image dataset of 20 patients, each containing one unruptured intracranial saccular aneurysm (maximal dome diameters were from 1.4 to 12.2 mm). For a baseline performance comparison, five cross-sectional features were also extracted and their relative change computed. The two novel registration based features performed best as demonstrated by lowest p-values (<0.003) obtained by Mann-Whitney U-test and highest area under the curve (>0.89) obtained from a ROC analysis. The proposed differential features are inherently longitudinal, taking into consideration baseline and follow-up aneurysm shape information at once, and seem to enable an interventional neuroradiologist to differentiate better between low- and high-rupture-risk aneurysms.
Conference Presentation
© (2019) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Žiga Bizjak, Tim Jerman, Boštjan Likar, Franjo Pernuš, Aichi Chien, and Žiga Špiclin "Registration based detection and quantification of intracranial aneurysm growth", Proc. SPIE 10950, Medical Imaging 2019: Computer-Aided Diagnosis, 1095007 (13 March 2019); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2512781
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