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8 March 2019 Large-scale evaluation of V-Net for organ segmentation in image guided radiation therapy
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Abstract
Accurate segmentation of organs at risk (OARs) is a key step in image guided radiation therapy. In recent years, deep learning based methods have been widely used in medical image segmentation. Among them, U-Net and V-Net are the most popular ones. In this paper, we evaluate a customized V-Net on 16 OARs throughout the body using a large CT dataset. Specifically, two customizations are used to reduce the GPU memory cost of V-Net: 1) multi-resolution V-Nets, where the coarse-resolution V-Net aims to localize the OAR in the entire image space, while the fine-resolution V-Net focuses on refining detailed boundaries of OAR; 2) a modified V-Net architecture, which is specifically designed for segmenting large organs, e.g., liver. Validated on 3483 CT scans of various imaging and disease conditions, we show that, compared with traditional methods, the customized V-Net wins in speed (0.7 second vs 20 seconds per organ), accuracy (average Dice score 96.6% vs 84.3%), and robustness (98.6% successful rate vs 83.3% successful rate). Moreover, the customized V-Net is very robust against various image artifacts, diseases and slice thicknesses, and has much better performance even on the organs with large shape variations (e.g., the bladder) than traditional methods.
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© (2019) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Miaofei Han, Yu Zhang, Qiangqiang Zhou, Chengcheng Rong, Yiqiang Zhan, Xiang Zhou, and Yaozong Gao "Large-scale evaluation of V-Net for organ segmentation in image guided radiation therapy", Proc. SPIE 10951, Medical Imaging 2019: Image-Guided Procedures, Robotic Interventions, and Modeling, 109510O (8 March 2019); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2512318
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