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13 May 2019 A review of swarmalators and their potential in bio-inspired computing
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Abstract
From fireflies to heart cells, many systems in Nature show the remarkable ability to spontaneously fall into synchrony. By imitating Nature's success at self-synchronizing, scientists have designed cost-effective methods to achieve synchrony in the lab, with applications ranging from wireless sensor networks to radio transmission. A similar story has occurred in the study of swarms, where inspiration from the behavior flocks of birds and schools of fish has led to low-footprint algorithms for multi-robot systems. Here, we continue this `bio-inspired' tradition, by speculating on the technological benefit of fusing swarming with synchronization. The subject of recent theoretical work, minimal models of so-called `swarmalator' systems exhibit rich spatiotemporal patterns, hinting at utility in `bottom-up' robotic swarms. We review the theoretical work on swarmalators, identify possible realizations in Nature, and discuss their potential applications in technology.
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Kevin O'Keeffe and Christian Bettstetter "A review of swarmalators and their potential in bio-inspired computing", Proc. SPIE 10982, Micro- and Nanotechnology Sensors, Systems, and Applications XI, 109822E (13 May 2019); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2518682
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