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29 January 2019 Synthesis of submicron-dispersed carbon phases in water by Nd:YAG laser ablation of graphite
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Proceedings Volume 11047, 20th International Conference and School on Quantum Electronics: Laser Physics and Applications; 110470K (2019) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2516582
Event: International Conference and School on Quantum Electronics "Laser Physics and Applications": ICSQE 2018, 2018, Nessebar, Bulgaria
Abstract
Mixtures of micron to submicron complex carbon phases, namely, defective graphene, graphene-like (multi-layered graphene, graphene oxide etc.), graphite flakes etc. as fine suspensions were obtained by pulsed laser ablation of highly purified microcrystalline graphite targets immersed in double distilled water. The fundamental wavelength (λ = 1064 nm) and the fourth harmonic (λFHG = 266 nm) of a Nd:YAG laser system (15 ns pulse duration, 10 Hz pulse repetition rate) were used in the fabrication process. The laser fluence value corresponding to the onset of the ablation process, the one initiating optical breakdown in water and an intermediate value were used for each of the wavelengths mentioned above. The morphology of the particles dispersed in water was studied by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Their phase composition and structure were explored by Raman spectroscopy. It showed the presence of some traces of polymerized hydrocarbons (polystyrene, polybutadiene etc.) in addition to the main carbon phases: defected graphene, reduced graphene oxide and graphite.
© (2019) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
A. Nikolov, I. Balchev, N. Stankova, I. Avramova, E. Valcheva, S. Russev, D. Karashanova, B. Georgieva, I. Kostadinov, J. Mladenoff, S. Kolev, and T. Milenov "Synthesis of submicron-dispersed carbon phases in water by Nd:YAG laser ablation of graphite", Proc. SPIE 11047, 20th International Conference and School on Quantum Electronics: Laser Physics and Applications, 110470K (29 January 2019); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2516582
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