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7 August 2019 Effect of 5-aminolevulinic acid on the haem biosynthesis pathway in pancreatic cancer and pancreatic ductal epithelial cell lines
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Proceedings Volume 11070, 17th International Photodynamic Association World Congress; 110706K (2019) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2525085
Event: 17th International Photodynamic Association World Congress, 2019, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States
Abstract
Introduction: 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) generates protoporphyrin IX (PpIX)-induced fluorescence by acting as a substrate for the haem biosynthesis pathway. Despite suggestions that ALA could be used for pancreatic cancer photodiagnostics, the pancreatic cancer cell line PANC-1 only shows weak fluorescence following ALA administration. A possible explanation was that the haem biosynthesis pathway varies between cancers. Methods: We compared the mRNA expression of the haem biosynthesis pathway of PANC-1 (weak fluorescence) with the pancreatic cancer cell line CFPAC-1 (strong fluorescence) and the pancreatic ductal cell line H6c7 (control) with or without 24 hours ALA incubation. Cells were seeded on day one, fresh media with or without ALA (0.5mM) added on day two, and RNA extracted on day three. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction was performed to assess the relative mRNA expression of four membrane transporters and eight enzymes responsible for haem biosynthesis. Results: Post-ALA incubation, CFPAC-1 demonstrated significant downregulation of cell membrane ALA influx transporter PEPT1, downregulation of ALA synthase and upregulation of the mitochondrial membrane transporter ABCB6. PANC-1, whilst showing similar changes to ALA synthase and ABCB6, showed significant upregulation of the PpIX efflux transporter ABCG2. PANC-1 also had minimal PEPT1 expression pre- and post-ALA. H6c7 demonstrated significant up- or downregulation of three transporters and five enzymes. Conclusion: Poor PpIX-induced fluorescence in PANC-1 is likely to be secondary to decreased ALA influx from low PEPT1 expression and increased ABCG2 expression. The use of nanocarriers to deliver ALA and/or ABCG2 inhibitors may improve ALA-induced fluorescence in PANC-1 and other ALA-resistant cancers.
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Peter L. Labib, Walid Al-Akkad, Brian R. Davidson, Alexander J. MacRobert, and Stephen P. Pereira "Effect of 5-aminolevulinic acid on the haem biosynthesis pathway in pancreatic cancer and pancreatic ductal epithelial cell lines", Proc. SPIE 11070, 17th International Photodynamic Association World Congress, 110706K (7 August 2019); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2525085
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