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22 July 2019 Concept and optical design of the underwater microscope
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The concept of the development of a microscope to provide research in the aquatic environment is proposed in conditions where the study of living and inanimate, static or moving microscopic objects in the environment of their natural location is required. Underwater microscope uses methods and technologies, similar conventional, based on the theory of diffraction. Achievable resolution is up to 0.3-0.5 micrometers (μm). The optical system of the underwater microscope should allow the study of microscopic objects in the water column (at different depths). In the case of an underwater microscope, the only way to get images is to use a digital receiver. Objective of microscope should be work in water immersion. The optical and the mechanical design of the objective for an underwater microscope must be adapted to the conditions of immersion in the water column, including to a considerable depth.
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Dmitry N. Frolov, Olga A. Vinogradova, Alexey D. Frolov, and Alexey G. Tabachkov "Concept and optical design of the underwater microscope", Proc. SPIE 11076, Advances in Microscopic Imaging II, 110761Y (22 July 2019);

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