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9 September 2019 Sensing spatial coherence of light with metasurfaces (Conference Presentation)
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We report on a discovery that homogeneous metallic non-diffracting metasurfaces of a certain type allow robust speckle-free discrimination between different degrees of the spatial coherence of light. The effect has no direct analogue in natural materials and has been previously unseen in metamaterials (and metasurfaces in particular). It results in a qualitative change of the optical response of metasurfaces, whereby their transmission (and reflection) spectra acquires different spectral components, depending on whether the nano-structures are illuminated with spatially coherent or incoherent light. This effect is robust and exceptionally strong (e.g., the resulting absolute change in transmission exceeds 50%), which makes it immediately suitable for practical applications, such as optical metrology, imaging and communications. Among the metasurfaces that have been found to exhibit the new effect are planar metamaterials featuring a continuous periodic zigzag pattern. The reported samples were designed to operate in the near-IR part of the spectrum and composed of arrays of continuous zigzag nano-wires, as well as their inversion, i.e., continuous zigzag nano-slits, covering the area of ~20x20mkm2. The measured data suggest that these apparently trivial metasurfaces, while non-diffracting, can indeed behave differently under spatially incoherent and coherent illumination. The systematic experimental investigation and rigorous theoretical analysis of this phenomenon (the results of which will be presented at the conference) reveal that the effect is underpinned by strongly non-local response of the metasurfaces. Its mechanism involves interference of light scattered via non-dispersive delocalised plasmon modes uniquely supported by the fabric of the metasurfaces.
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Oleksandr Buchnev, Tom Frank, Tamsin Cookson, Malgosia Kaczmarek, Pavlos Lagoudakis, and Vassilii Fedotov "Sensing spatial coherence of light with metasurfaces (Conference Presentation)", Proc. SPIE 11080, Metamaterials, Metadevices, and Metasystems 2019, 110802B (9 September 2019); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2529557
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