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16 September 2019 Magnetic domain wall neuron with intrinsic leaking and lateral inhibition capability
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Abstract
The challenge of developing an efficient artificial neuron is impeded by the use of external CMOS circuits to perform leaking and lateral inhibition. The proposed leaky integrate-and-fire neuron based on the three terminal magnetic tunnel junction (3T-MTJ) performs integration by pushing its domain wall (DW) with spin-transfer or spin-orbit torque. The leaking capability is achieved by pushing the neurons’ DWs in the direction opposite of integration using a stray field from a hard ferromagnet or a non-uniform energy landscape resulting from shape or anisotropy variation. Firing is performed by the MTJ stack. Finally, analog lateral inhibition is achieved by dipolar field repulsive coupling from each neuron. An integrating neuron thus pushes slower neighboring neurons’ DWs in the direction opposite of integration. Applying this lateral inhibition to a ten-neuron output layer within a neuromorphic crossbar structure enables the identification of handwritten digits with 94% accuracy.
Conference Presentation
© (2019) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Wesley H. Brigner, Naimul Hassan, Xuan Hu, Lucian Jiang-Wei, Otitoaleke G. Akinola, Felipe Garcia-Sanchez, Massimo Pasquale, Christopher H. Bennett, Jean Anne C. Incorvia, and Joseph S. Friedman "Magnetic domain wall neuron with intrinsic leaking and lateral inhibition capability", Proc. SPIE 11090, Spintronics XII, 110903K (16 September 2019); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2528218
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