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10 September 2019 Building towards a universal neural network to segment large materials science imaging datasets
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Abstract
Segmentation of large images can be one of the most time-consuming steps in the analysis of materials science datasets. Convolutional neural networks (NNs) have been shown to reduce segmentation time compared to manual techniques, but training a new NN is often required for each dataset. We show that simply combining NN training datasets does not necessarily lead to a NN capable of segmenting multiple types of images. In the present study, we first show that SegNet-based neural networks (NNs) can be trained to accurately segment Al-Zn x-ray computed tomography and Pb-Sn serial sectioning images. Applying the Al-Zn NN to the Pb-Sn test image led to misclassified smudges as dendrites, and misclassified speckles as background. Applying the Pb-Sn NN to the Al-Zn test image was unsuccessful, likely because the Al-Zn dendrites had a higher luminance than the Pb-Sn dendrites. The Mix NN (trained using the combined Al-Zn and Pb-Sn datasets) was better at segmenting the Pb-Sn test image than the Al-Zn test image. This is likely because the Pb-Sn training dataset contained ~4.5 times as many dendrite pixels as the Al-Zn training dataset, thus the Mix NN was over-tuned to identify Pb-Sn dendrites. Simply combining the training datasets was overall detrimental to NN performance, but assigning different classes to the Al-Zn and Pb-Sn dendrites may lead to enhanced performance in the future. These findings serve as guidelines in the quest to develop a universal NN for segmentation of large materials science datasets.
© (2019) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Tiberiu Stan, Zachary T. Thompson, and Peter W. Voorhees "Building towards a universal neural network to segment large materials science imaging datasets", Proc. SPIE 11113, Developments in X-Ray Tomography XII, 111131G (10 September 2019); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2525290
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