Space imagery provides a unique resource for addressing environmental challenges associated with land cover change, land use, disaster relief, deforestation, regional planning and global change research. At Ball Aerospace, we are developing the Compact Hyperspectral Prism Spectrometer (CHPS) as a candidate imaging spectrometer technology for insertion into future Sustainable Land Imaging missions. The 2013 NRC report Landsat and Beyond: Sustaining and Enhancing the Nations Land Imaging Program recommended that the nation should “maintain a sustained, space-based, land-imaging program, while ensuring the continuity of 42-years of multispectral information.” In support of this, NASA’s Sustainable Land Imaging-Technology (SLI-T) program aims to develop technology for a new generation of smaller, more capable, less costly payloads that meet or exceed current Landsat imaging capabilities. CHPS is designed to meet these objectives, providing high-fidelity visible-to-shortwave spectroscopic information. CHPS supports continuity of legacy Landsat data products, but also, provides a path to enhanced capabilities in support of land, inland waters, and coastal waters science. CHPS features full aperture full optical path calibration, extremely low straylight, and low polarization sensitivity; all crucial performance parameters for achieving the demanding SLI measurement objectives. In support of our space-borne instrument development, we have developed an airborne instrument to provide representative spectroscopic data and data products. Now in the final year of this 3-year development program, we have completed our initial engineering airborne flights and are beginning science flights. We present initial results from laboratory characterization and calibration and from our engineering flights and close with an overview of instrument performance.