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10 September 2019 Experimental demonstration of object identification by analyzing 2-dimensional complex spectra of Laguerre-Gaussian modes (Conference Presentation)
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Abstract
We recover the shape and orientation of an object by analyzing the spatial phase and amplitude of a transmitted optical beam using a single pixel. We experimentally demonstrate using the complex spatial spectrum of multiple sequential measurements of a varying probe beam. Specifically, we transmit a structured beam that is tailored to have one mode of the Laguerre-Gaussian (LG) modal basis set, and the beam is varied to sequentially have a unique azimuthal (l) and radial (p) value. When each uniquely structured beam probes an object, there will be coupling of power from the pure mode to other LG modes. The complex phase and amplitude coefficients of this modal power coupling will provide a “signature” of the probed object’s 2D structure, and this signature can be detected using a single pixel. We identify a “fan-shaped” object with an opening angle of 120˚ and different angular orientations by analyzing the corresponding complex spatial spectrum of multiple sequential measurements, such that each subsequent tailored mode has l and p indices in the range -15 - +15 and 0-30, respectively. Results show that the amplitude spectrum is insensitive to the object’s angular orientation, whereas the phase spectrum predictably shifts with orientation. Additionally, we demonstrate that an irregular image with a ‘SC’ logo can be reconstructed using the complex modal spectrum. The structural similarity (SSIM) of the reconstructed image increases as the number of modes increases. Specifically, the SSIM increases by 83.5% when the number of modes increases from 36 (6 by 6) to 961 (31 by 31).
Conference Presentation
© (2019) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Jing Du, Zhe Zhao, Runzhou Zhang, Guodong Xie, Long Li, Haoqian Song, Kai Pang, Cong Liu, Hao Song, Ahmed Almaiman, Shlomo Zach, Nadav Cohen, Moshe Tur, and Alan E. Willner "Experimental demonstration of object identification by analyzing 2-dimensional complex spectra of Laguerre-Gaussian modes (Conference Presentation)", Proc. SPIE 11135, Unconventional and Indirect Imaging, Image Reconstruction, and Wavefront Sensing 2019, 111350K (10 September 2019); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2531401
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