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3 October 2019 GaN-based distributed feedback laser diodes for optical communications
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Proceedings Volume 11207, Fourth International Conference on Applications of Optics and Photonics; 112070O (2019) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2527074
Event: IV International Conference on Applications of Optics and Photonics (AOP 2019), 2019, Lisbon, Portugal
Abstract
Over the past 20 years, research into Gallium Nitride (GaN) has evolved from LED lighting to Laser Diodes (LDs), with applications ranging from quantum to medical and into communications. Previously, off-the-shelf GaN LDs have been reported with a view on free space and underwater communications. However, there are applications where the ability to select a single emitted wavelength is highly desirable, namely in atomic clocks or in filtered free-space communications systems. To accomplish this, Distributed Feedback (DFB) geometries are utilised. Due to the complexity of overgrowth steps for buried gratings in III-Nitride material systems, GaN DFBs have a grating etched into the sidewall to ensure single mode operation, with wavelengths ranging from 405nm to 435nm achieved. The main motivation in developing these devices is for the cooling of strontium ions (Sr+ ) in atomic clock applications, but their feasibility for optical communications have also been investigated. Data transmission rates exceeding 1 Gbit/s have been observed in unfiltered systems, and work is currently ongoing to examine their viability for filtered communications. Ultimately, transmission through Wavelength Division Multiplexing (WDM) or Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) is desired, to ensure that data is communicated more coherently and efficiently. We present results on the characterisation of GaN DFBs, and demonstrate their capability for use in filtered optical communications systems.
© (2019) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Steffan Gwyn, Scott Watson, Shaun Viola, Giovanni Giuliano, Thomas J. Slight, Szymon Stanczyk, Szymon Grzanka, Amit Yadav, Kevin E. Docherty, Edik Rafailov, Piotr Perlin, Stephen P. Najda, Mike Leszczynski, and Anthony E. Kelly "GaN-based distributed feedback laser diodes for optical communications", Proc. SPIE 11207, Fourth International Conference on Applications of Optics and Photonics, 112070O (3 October 2019); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2527074
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