26 September 1989 Beam Combination In Aperture Synthesis From Space: Field Of View Limitations And (U,V) Plane Coverage Optimization
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Proceedings Volume 1130, New Technologies for Astronomy; (1989) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.961516
Event: 1989 International Congress on Optical Science and Engineering, 1989, Paris, France
Abstract
The limitations of the coherent field of view in Optical Space Interferometry are presented. The size of the field required is inferred from the number of photoevents and from stellar density. Then we examine the limitations of the FOV in both "Michelson" -or planar array-and "Fizeau" -the equivalent of a masked giant telescope- cases in order to assess their maximum size; it is shown that in all cases, the field is too small to include a reference star in the "Michelson" final image field (< a few arcsec) when the input pupil is too diluted; conversely this is not the case for the "Fizeau", but alignment tolerances are extremely severe. The two main limitations in the Michelson type, field curvature effect and pupil geometry conservation, are then derived in terms of tolerances on the optics. The problem of spatial frequency plane coverage is addressed and we finally propose a mission concept that accomodates most of the problems raised in this paper and nevertheless makes use of two off-axis stars for tracking purposes by splitting the fields before recombination: a "Michelson" with flat collectors, making use of fiber optics in the reference channels.
© (1989) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Michel Faucherre, Fritz Merkle, and Farrokh Vakili "Beam Combination In Aperture Synthesis From Space: Field Of View Limitations And (U,V) Plane Coverage Optimization", Proc. SPIE 1130, New Technologies for Astronomy, (26 September 1989); doi: 10.1117/12.961516; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.961516
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