A smaller part of these defects arise during polishing; however, more of them are generated during the grinding process. Due to the interference of different controlling frequencies in the machine and imperfections in the constructional solution of the grinding machine, defects occur on the optical surface, which deform it. The periods of these defects usually lie in an interval of 0.5 to 10 mm, depending on the parameters of the machining process. To prevent the generation of these structures, a comprehensive measurement of the sources and transmission of vibrations was realised using the measuring device VibXpert II. The measurement was made on the grinding machine Optotech MCG 100 CNC. Several simulations of different types of processes were realised and the measurement was also subsequently performed during a real grinding process of aspherical optical surfaces. The data acquired from the measurement of vibrations were mathematically processed in frequency space. The experiment revealed several reasons for these defects.
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